Items

Forums
 
How to Age a Horse by Teeth
 By Winniefield Park   •   22nd Mar 2015   •   6,494 views   •   0 comments
How to Age a Horse by Teeth

The answer to can you tell a horseís age by its teeth is: sort of. A horse has two sets of teeth throughout itís lifetime, just like us. The first set are called the milk or deciduous teeth. These baby teeth start growing in shortly after the foal is born and continue to come in until the foal is about nine months old. Theses teeth start to shed when the young horse is about two years old, and will gradually fall out and be replaced by the permanent teeth until the horse is about five.

The new adult teeth that grow in will be cupped on top. Theyíll be nice and white and smooth when theyíre new. Itís the length of the teeth, the state of a specific groove and the cupping that we look at to learn the approximate age of the horse. The younger the horse is, the more accurate the approximation will be, since many things can affect tooth growth. Some young horses have Ďold mouthsí and some old horses may have the opposite. Diet, use and genetics all play a role in the growth and wear of the teeth.

Grass is quite abrasive. When the horse eats grass, it wears down its teeth. Nature provides a natural replacement for worn teeth, as the tooth will continue growing for most of the horseís life. Many people think that horse teeth grow throughout a horseís life. But thatís not true. Some very old horses outgrow their teeth and are left with big gummy gaps. How quickly the horse wears out its teeth depends not only on age, but on what it grazes. Horses pastured on sandy soil may wear their teeth out faster than those on clay soils. Grazing blunts off the cups on the tops of the teeth, and as the horse ages, its teeth become flatter.

Related: Going for World's Oldest Horse Record
Related: How Old is the Oldest Horse You Know
Related: What You Can Learn From Your OTTB Tattoo
Related: The Bit Dictionary - Introduction - Part 1 of 3

Galvayne's groove grows out above the gumline. By the time the horse is fifteen, this groove will reach halfway to the top edge of the tooth. By the time the horse is twenty, the groove may run the full length of the tooth. By the mid-twenties, the groove no longer meets the gum line, and only appears on the upper part of the tooth. In very old horses, the groove may disappear.

As the horse ages, its teeth become more angled. The shape may become less oval, and more angular. The teeth also go from fresh pearly white of a young horse, to brownish and badly stained as it ages. As the horse approaches thirty years, teeth may start falling out. This is when we need to adjust our horseís feed so they can get good nutrition, even though they canít chew properly anymore. The continuous growth is also why we need to have our horseís teeth checked. Our horses donít graze as much as their wild forebearers, and they can develop sharp edges and painful hooks that need to be filed off. Even young horses should be checked occasionally, to make sure all those baby teeth have come out correctly and are not causing any discomfort.

--
ref:
http://www.unce.unr.edu/publications/files/ag/2000/sp0008.pdf
Horse News More PB Articles About:  Teeth,
Horse News More In This Category:  General      Horse News More From This Author:  Winniefield Park
 Related Horse News
Take Good Care of Your Horses Teeth
27th May 2010   |   General   |   mosquito
Horseís teeth are not at all like ours, and itís a good thing. We eat much softer food that we donít need to chew as much as if we ate grass. The biggest difference is that horseís teeth keep growing until the horse is about 27 t ...
How to Age a Horse by Teeth
22nd Mar 2015   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
Galvayne's groove grows out above the gumline. By the time the horse is fifteen, this groove will reach halfway to the top edge of the tooth. By the time the horse is twenty, the groove may run the full length of the tooth. By the ...
A Quick Guide To Horse Teeth
9th Sep 2016   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
Have you ever looked into a horseís mouth. There are a lot of teeth in there! The average adult has thirty two teeth. Horses can have up to forty-two teeth. The incisors are at the front, and a horse has twelve, six on both top an ...
Horse Dental Problems
7th Sep 2017   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
Many people have dental cavities. Most of us know that cavities form because bacteria of all types thrive in our mouths. If we donít clear the bacteria out and disrupt their plaque building activity, the plaque covering grows. Any ...
Horse Teeth Myths
12th Jan 2019   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
What goes on deep in your horseís mouth tends to be a bit of a mystery. We know there are some big grinding teeth back there. And, thereís a big tongue, a narrow palate and some gums holding all the teeth together. And there are a ...
  View More PonyBox Related Horse Articles
 More News by Winniefield Park
Equine Therapy for COVID Front Line Workers
12th Aug 2020   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
Front line workers are getting a lot of attention, and rightly so, as they put themselves in harmís way dealing with the damage done by COVID-19. To help workers deal with the stress, a stable near Oceanside, California is offerin ...
2020 Triple Crown Schedule with COVID Impacts
10th Aug 2020   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
Horse racing is one of the few professional sports that has resumed, albeit without the cheering crowds in the stands. Some of the biggest contests of the year in several countries have gone by almost without fanfare. And the famo ...
RavenSide Studs Record PonyBox Horse Madd Marla
9th Aug 2020   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
It looks as though another jump record, if not fallen, has been well matched. RSS Madd Marla has matched previous record holderís, RSS Another Level record jump of 102.75". Madd Marla also holds current #1 Best Rank and has beat A ...
Miles Ranch Connects PTSD Military Vets with Horse Therapy
8th Aug 2020   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
Ex-military personnel who have been on active duty often struggle with PTSD when they return to what is supposed to be normal life. The suicide rate of veterans is alarming. But there are many programs that use horses to help woun ...
Top 15 Summer Horse Products
5th Aug 2020   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
The lazy days of summer are the busiest for many horse owners, although COVID19 may be holding things up a bit. The only annoyances this time of year are the high temperatures and the bugs. Thanks to some great products, most of t ...
Dapples on A Horse Coat Sign of Good health
3rd Aug 2020   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
1Dapples on a horseís coate are often thought of as a sign of good health. And, many a grey owner wishes there was some way to preserve those amazing dapple grey spots before they fade to white. But what are dapples? Why do some h ...
Horse Foam Bit Review
2nd Aug 2020   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
Whatís the newest in horse bits. According to Youtuber RaleighLink14, you might want to check out the foam bit. The idea is that the thickly sponge covered bit is much softer on a horseís mouth than any other material. But, says t ...
PonyBox Champion Casual Boho
1st Aug 2020   |   General   |   Winniefield Park
As we headed into the July holiday weekend was Casual Boho held the top ranking spot. The 15 year old Casual Boho is owned by Jumping Bloom Horses. This 16.3 hh mare is by 21st generation Boho Express, a breeding by Fox Tail Forg ...
  View All News by Winniefield Park
 
©2002 - 2020   PonyBox LLC Create Account Advertise Terms Privacy Contact Us
256 Members Online 268,747 Registered Members 2,753 News Articles 11,692,786 Unique News Article Views 278,298,222 Website Views